Tuesday, July 14, 2015

Tutorial: How to Draw a Nude in Charcoal

How to draw a nude female, drawing a nude woman, How to draw a woman, How to draw the human figure, figure drawing


Greetings!

Today, we'll be drawing a nude using charcoal, although there will be some graphite used in this drawing as well. This will be a short tutorial; what we are trying to achieve is a quick sketch. This post will give you practice with shading as well. Charcoal is good to use, because you can lay in a lot very quickly.

The most difficult portion of this tutorial will be the line drawing of the nude figure. This is because of the difficulty of getting the proportions of the form correctly.

If you are having trouble getting the line drawing to your satisfaction, may I suggest that you print the Step One line drawing on your drawing paper using your computer's printer. Make sure you print only a light copy, and not too dark. If necessary, set your printer to print lighter than necessary. Be sure to use some drawing paper with some texture, and not just a sheet of printing paper, as we will be using charcoal, and this media demands some quality paper with "tooth". Tooth is another way of referring to a paper's texture. For this tutorial, I have used Strathmore 400 series drawing paper, but you may use whatever suits your fancy.

I must say, however, that it should behoove you to learn how to draw freehand. It takes a lot practice, but its mastery is extremely satisfying.

Other than the difficulty of the initial line drawing, using charcoal is fun, and this tutorial should be rather enjoyable for you all!

Step 1

How to draw a nude female, drawing a nude woman, How to draw a woman, How to draw the human figure, figure drawing

The first step involves rendering the line drawing. As shown in the illustration above, it is of great assistance to draw guide lines to aid you in getting the proper proportions.

Like I stated above, if you are having difficulty rendering the line drawing, use a printer to print Step One on your drawing paper.

I picked a subject with the difficulty of drawing the human form in mind; this pose is one of the easier ones to render. I hope that it doesn't cause you too much trouble! If I can help you, don't hesitate to leave a comment in the box below. I am happy to help!

Step 2

How to draw a nude female, drawing a nude woman, How to draw a woman, How to draw the human figure, figure drawing

Here's where it starts to get fun! I really love using charcoal, the free form of it is remarkable. It allows you to render something much faster than a graphite pencil, too.

The above illustration is the basic layout of the value patterns; that is, the areas of light and shadow of the subject.

Observe the light source; in this case the light is predominately from the left side, but there is light coming from the right side as well. Always determine the light source, this is necessary to rendering the light and shadows of your subject.

I have used vine charcoal, which is a stick of charcoal, available at any art supply store. Take the stick and apply where the shadows are. As an example, here is a quick rendering of the above drawing, which is a different rendering from the original. Sorry I didn't think to provide this example with the original, but the following quick sketches will suffice to explain how to apply charcoal to the drawing:


How to draw a nude female, drawing a nude woman, How to draw a woman, How to draw the human figure, figure drawing
Step 2a

Roughly render in the dark areas with the charcoal. As you can see in Step 2a above, it is not necessary to apply it too neatly, as the results will show in Step 2b, below:

How to draw a nude female, drawing a nude woman, How to draw a woman, How to draw the human figure, figure drawing
Step 2b


Blend the charcoal with a finger or tissue. Yes, it is really is that easy. You can get some remarkable effects with charcoal!

Step 3

How to draw a nude female, drawing a nude woman, How to draw a woman, How to draw the human figure, figure drawing


In Step 3, we begin to refine the drawing by using the graphite pencils. Using the methods described in previous tutorials, apply an even graphite coating, going darker with the pencil in the shadow areas, and gradating the shade to the lighter areas.


Step 4

How to draw a nude female, drawing a nude woman, How to draw a woman, How to draw the human figure, figure drawing

In the final step, I have added the highlights to the hair, as well as the areas of the face, and edges of the body with a battery-powered eraser. This can also be achieved with a click eraser. With the HB and 2B pencils, I have added the final touches to the shaded areas and the contours of the body.

As always, I hope you have enjoyed this post.

Until next time!

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Tutorial: How to Draw a Face Part 2

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques


Welcome!

Today, we'll be drawing another face.

Materials Necessary for this Drawing:

Pencils 
HB
2B
4B
6B

Drawing Paper
Eraser
Kneaded Eraser
Pencil Sharpener
Tortillion, or tissue

Step 1

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques

We start with the outline. I have drawn a rectangle around the drawing to suggest the format.

To gauge whether or not you have the correct proportions, draw a grid first as shown in the above illustration. Make horizontal lines over the eyes, nose, and mouth, and make sure you have the proper angle. From our viewpoint, the woman's face is cocked to the left side (which is her right side). So the right eye (our perspective) is positioned lower than the left eye.

A slanting vertical line is made from the top of the format through and over the woman's nose. One side of her is more visible than the other, so the position of the nose is adjusted accordingly; which more to the right of the drawing.

Take note that the light source is from the top right-hand side, so the shadows of the face will be cast to the left.

Remember to draw the outline lightly, try not to "bear down" on the pencil.

Step 2


How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques


In Step 2, layout all the features; eyes, nose, and mouth. Don't add too many details, just the outline.

Pencil the basic shape of the hair, and draw lines to suggest the direction of the hair's flow.

Step 3

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques

Add an overall even shade of light gray to the entire face with the HB pencil. As I have explained in past tutorials,you should always remember that nothing is ever completely the white of the paper with no graphite on it. There are lighter areas, but most every subject we encounter in our drawing has to a certain or lesser degree different tonal patterns of gray.

No need to blend in this application of gray at this step.

Step 4

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques

At Step 4, we begin adding the shadow tones. Using the 2B pencil, add the graphite as evenly as possible, that way it will blend more smooth with the tortillion or tissue.

Here is a zoomed image of Step 4:

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques

Add some dark strokes to the hair, but don't do too much; we'll get to that in later steps.

Step 5

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques

In Step 5, blend the graphite of the face with the tortillion. Go easy; don't press too hard with the tortillion. Try to blend the shadows slowly, working from the deepest shadows outward. It helps to blend everything with your finger first. Be careful with the tortillion, it blends extra dark. It is far easier to add darker tones than to remove them.

Give the hair some more penciling--don't try to finish it, but define it more by its value patterns. Look to see where it's the darkest, and add graphite there. Don't go about it as attempting to draw every strand. Fill in the tones by seeing the hair as groups of varying tonal patterns of dark and light.

Step 6

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques

Now, we pencil in the woman's eyelashes. Use the 2B or the 4B pencil.  Notice that they aren't straight up, but rather curve upward, much like a comma stroke. Try not to add too many lashes, and be careful of making them too long. 

On the left side in the hair, the woman is wearing a braid. Make a pattern of criss-cross strokes to use as a guide for Step 8, where we will be drawing the braid.

Add some more pencil to the dark areas, using the 2B pencil. Afterward, blend the shading using the tortillion or tissue.

Step 7

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques

In Step 7, we add more dark tones to the hair, using the 4B and 6B pencils. Notice that the drawing is a little flat; this is because we need to add the highlights. We will do this next in the final step.

Add an even layer of the dark tone to the hair.


Step 8

How to Draw a Face, Drawing Eyes, Drawing Lips, Drawing Nose, Sketching Techniques

For the final step, we add the finishing touches; for the braid, add dark shade where the weave of the braid recedes into the strand which follows it, and leave a lighter area at the top of each braid, as shown in the illustration above.

With the HB pencil, add some more shade to the darker areas of the woman's face, and blend it evenly.

For the highlights, I used a Derwent battery-powered eraser. This is an extremely useful tool to have and I recommend it highly. If you don't have one, no problem, you can use a click eraser or a pencil eraser.

With the eraser, add highlights to the hair and lips, as shown in the illustration above. Notice that the light source is coming from the top-right side. The lips are lighter on the right side, and get gradually darker as you move to the left.

For the highlights on the braid, erase the top part of each braid, slightly.

For the skin highlights, use a kneaded eraser. The highlights are the right side of the bridge of the nose, including the nose tip, the cheekbones, and the neck. If you erase too much, just go over it lightly with the HB pencil.

We're finished!

Friday, June 19, 2015

Tutorial: How To Draw a Horse

Greetings!

I apologize for the extended lapse of time that has past since I last posted. I have been spending time with family overseas, and I didn't have much time for posting.

It is great to be back!

How to Draw a Horse, Drawing Horses, Sketching Animals Horse Drawing Tutorial


For this post, we will be drawing a horse. Horses can be difficult to draw, so don't attempt this tutorial if you are just starting out drawing. Of course, you can if you want to! But this subject requires much practice with the basics of drawing; that is, perspective and composition and learning to sketch and to layout the subject, in particular drawing shapes and contours, and shading and blending.

Materials necessary for this Drawing Tutorial:

Pencils
  • HB
  • 2B
  • 4B
Other Materials
  • Drawing Paper
  • Tortillion, or tissue (for blending)
  • Kneaded Eraser
  • Eraser
  • Pencil Sharpener

Step 1




To start off, we will layout the horse on the paper with several circular
shapes. Use an HB grade pencil. Remember to go easy, and not be too heavy-handed with the pencil. Be sure to sketch in lines to define the angle of the horse, as shown in the above first step illustration.

As you can see from the illustration, the body of the horse is defined by sketching three elliptical circles conjoined together, with the back circle (representing the butt of the horse) penciled smaller, and the second (abdomen) slightly larger, and the third (front) ever more larger. We want to do this to define the proper perspective. The horse we are drawing is from the third-quarter perspective or viewpoint, which means that the viewer is looking at the horse from the side-front. This perspective technique is also referred to as foreshortening. The parts of the horse in the back will be smaller, and will taper the further back they go. The front of the horse will appear larger. Keep this mind, it is very important in achieving a realistic appearance of your subject in your drawing.

Step 2

Step 2 How To Draw a Horse



In Step Two, we will start to add darker pencil strokes. Sketch in the mane and tail as shown, drawing just the outline of the hair. Around the outline of the horse, shade the dark areas in quickly. Don't try to add too much; we just want to define the basic contours of the horse's body. It is best to work slowly, gradually building the definitions by adding more graphite, and in turn, the dark to light values.

At the feet of the horse, quickly sketch in the outline of dust, as this horse. Just the barest of pencil marks is good enough at this point. We will define the dust in greater detail in subsequent steps.

Step 3



For Step Three, apply an even amount of medium-grade shading over the entire body of the horse. Not too dark, not too light; just a middle-ground shade. This is the first step to provide a foundation of shade and value pattern to the drawing, and in fact, it is the method that I utilize with all drawings. It is good to form a habit of doing it this way. Just lay down an even shade; don't worry too much about the dark and light areas, those you can do later. I find this method gives the drawing a more life-like and realistic look. It doesn't look like much at this step, but by the time you are finishing the drawing, it will really come to life.

After applying the even shading, quickly pencil in a darker shade where the mane and tail meet the head and body of the horse, sketching a bit darker than the even shading. No need to detail the mane and tail, we are just applying the basic shadow.

Lastly, apply an even shade at the horse's feet. The briefly pencil in some of the shadow areas as shown in the above illustration, giving the slight impression of the dust being kicked. Again, don't give it too much detail, just the faintest impression.

Step 4

Step 4 How To Draw a Horse


In the next step, we begin to develop the values with the 4B pencil, adding the darker tones to the horse. Also, we begin to define the contours of the muscles. Don't rub or blend what you are shading, that will be left for Step 5. Try to apply the graphite as evenly and as smoothly as possible. When we go in and blend, the result will be more smooth.

Step 5

Step 5 How To Draw a Horse

For Step 5, we have added an overall darker tone, and have darkened the areas in shadow further. As you can notice from the above illustration for Step 5, our drawing at this point is a little flat, and without depth. This is because we haven't added the highlights with the eraser. That is where the drawing will really look outstanding! So don't be overly concerned with that now. We will be adding the highlights in Step 6.

With the 4B pencil, darken the areas of the horse with the deepest shadows first, then (not going too dark) give the horse an overall even coat of graphite, still using the 4B pencil.

Then take a tortillion (or tissue, or just use your finger) and blend the graphite into an even, smooth tone.  If it looks like you have reduced the darker tones too much due to excess blending, no worries, just take an HB or 2B and touch it up.

Step 6

Step 6 How To Draw a Horse


As you can see, the drawing is starting to take shape. What we are doing here is taking a kneaded eraser and erasing out the highlights. You can use a battery operated eraser, or a Pentel click eraser as well. You can also use a regular eraser for this, but I find a kneaded eraser is by far better to control, and not only that, the effects that you can get are quite remarkable.

As the light source is from the top-left side, the highlights on the horse are going to be added accordingly. Take the kneaded eraser and shape it to a point. Begin to highlight the muscles and body of the horse, always keeping in mind the light source is top-left. Do the same for the legs and face.

To make the highlights stand out further, go back over the darker areas with an HB or 2B pencil.

Now, it's on to Step 7, and we're almost finished!

Step 7


Step 7 How To Draw a Horse


Now we'll sketch in the background using an HB pencil. Using the flat side of the pencil, sketch in the tree line in back of the horse. Pencil the shadows cast on the ground by the horse's fore hooves, and the hill line just below the tree line. Make sure that the background is fully covered; leave no space the bare white of the paper. Be sure to be mindful that the background will be lighter than the horse, as the back is further away. This will give depth to your drawing.

Step 8


Step 8 How To Draw a Horse


In the last step, blend the background with a tissue, or just use a fingertip. Try to get a nice, soft blend; this will give it the look of distance and three-dimensionality.

Finally, erase out the clouds of dust with the kneaded eraser. If you have erased too much, no worries, just take the HB pencil and add a little more to it.

Thanks for looking!

Thursday, June 27, 2013

Tutorial: How to Draw a Face

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

 This tutorial is quite a bit more advanced, and may not be suitable for a beginner to undertake. I am posting it for the more experienced; that is, the intermediate artist who has already acquired a knowledgeable and working background in the basics of composition, perspective, and the techniques of various pencil strokes and shading.

Of course, as I am just beginning this tutorial web site and there are not many posts, I plan to have a well-rounded set of tutorials for everyone, beginner and advance alike.

I would suggest that a beginner doesn't start out with learning how to draw a face or portrait, as it could lead to disappointment and serve to discourage further interest in learning how to draw if you see your attempt of this project as a failure. Learning to draw a face is extremely advanced, and definitely not for the person just picking up the pencil for the first time!

With all that said, I still stand by my previous statement that anyone can learn to draw, with enough practice and patience! That general ability to learn certainly comes with all drawing subjects, including faces.


How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

The photo of the girl above is what we will be drawing from. I obtained this copyright and royalty-free photo from www.morguefile.com, a web site which has all manner of free resource photos and images for artists.

STEP 1

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

Using the 2B pencil sketch the outline of the face. To get the correct proportions, take note of the horizontal and vertical guidelines in the image above. There is no need to apply too much pressure at this preliminary step.

STEP 2

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

Moving further along and creating a more detailed outline of the girl's features, and still using the 2B pencil, we arrive at a basic foundation to expand upon for the rest of the drawing.

Sketch in the basic outline of the hair on the left side of the girl's face. Define the basic flow of her hair with a few strokes. No need at this point to be too detailed; that will come later. With this step, we are just trying to achieve the basic foundation, and we will build from that in each subsequent step.

Take note of the proportions and composition of the girl's smile; the corners of her mouth are parallel to the center of the eye, specifically the pupil. Also, the dimples are on a parallel plane relative to the outer far side of the irises of her eyes. I have sketched guidelines to illustrate this, shown above.

Add the outline for the eyebrows, sketch the outline of the eyes and mouth. Pay attention to the proportions; I have left guidelines here to help you. Notice the position of the girl's head; her face is slightly cast down, and she is looking up at the viewer. It is important to take notice of this, as it is an integral part of the portrait's composition, not to say nothing of how it adds an interesting element for a portrait drawing. Also, her chin doesn't fully appear in view, as well as the top of her head and the right side of her face, they are cropped by the format of the image.

Lightly sketch in the highlights in the eyes; this is the part where the light hits the eyes.

STEP 3

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

As a reminder, it is helpful to refer to the reference photo to be sure you are getting everything correct.

Starting on the left eye, take the 4B pencil and add shading to the outside iris. Be sure to gradiate the shade toward the inner part of the eye, as well as the outer, and not leave a solid black line (As you can observe, the girl has very light colored eyes, so don't add too much shading). This will give the eye more depth and three-dimensionality. Moving on to the pupil, take the 6B pencil and blacken the pupil's center, fading the tone as you work outward. Also, work within the parameters of the highlights and try not to add any marks in these areas.

Add hairs to the eyebrows with feathered strokes using the 2B pencil, work from the bottom of the eyebrow and moving up and to the left, following the hair's direction. Add the eyelashes by using sharp comma strokes. Take care to not overdo it and add too many.

Using the 6B pencil, add shading to the eyelid as shown above. Gradiate the tone as you move rightward.

So that you can see what we have done so far in the overall drawing, here is Step 3 of the drawing, whole view:

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

STEP 4

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

Taking the HB pencil, add an even shading to the girl's whole face. Try to go extremely light; if necessary use a 2H pencil for this step. The reason for applying graphite in this manner is that skin is never completely white, or in this case, the color of the surface of the paper (except for the spots that are hit with light). It is necessary to cover the entire face with tonal values as this will create a more life-like portrait.

We will not blend the graphite we've added to the face; that will be the task in the next step.

As a piece of advice, at this point you should get a blank sheet of paper to lay down over the drawing where your hand is placed to protect it from smudging.

STEP 5

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

Using the 6B pencil, darken and shade the hair. use fluent, flowing strokes, and give all the hair some tonal values. Don't worry about drawing every strand of hair at this point; we will define the finer details in a later step, using the kneaded eraser.

At the point where the hair meets the eye and forehead, add a gradiated shadow moving to the right, as shown above.

If the image above isn't clear, click on it to enlarge.

STEP 6

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

In this step, we work on the left side of the face; the cheeks, nose, and mouth area. This detailing, shown above, is just the first layer of graphite shading, in later steps we will add more graphite tones and even finer details.

Using the HB or 2B, add the shade from the strand of hair on the girl's cheek, as shown. I use the point of the pencil to add layers of shading. Here is an example of my personal shading method:

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait; How To Shade with a Pencil
Shading Method

In the example above, I have used a 2B pencil to illustrate the method of shading and adding tonal values in drawing. When performing this technique, try to apply even layers of graphite, and don't apply pressure with your fingers on the pencil; rather use your wrist to apply the strokes. This may sound odd, and forgive me if I am not providing an adequate explanation here. What I mean is, the fingers should be the vehicle, and the wrist and forearm should be the motor. Try to develop the habit of not using your fingers to stroke, but letting your wrist and forearm apply strokes. The strength of application should come from the arm, not the fingers.

Pay attention to how deep or light the shadows and tones are from observing the reference photo. In the area covered in this step, the shadows are light to medium, not so deep and dark. From the reference photo, try to observe each cast of shadow, it's direction, and how it follows the contours of the face. Then, add what you see with the pencil.

STEP 7

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

In Step 7, we continue to working adding tones and shading to the nose, lips and mouth area. With the lips, observe the reference photo. As you can see the source of the light cast on the girl's face appears to be from the upper left-hand side. So as shown above, the bottom lip highlight is on the top, and slightly lighter on the left side, then darkening slightly as it moves to the right.

I have mostly used the HB and 2B pencils in this step.

Here is a zoomed image of the area in particular:

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

STEP 8

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

Following the technique that we took in Step 3, render the right eye, using the 6B pencil for the darkest areas, and the 4B and 2B for the eyelid shadows and the eyelashes. Keep within the parameters of the eye highlights.

With the 2B pencil, add shading to the right side of the girl's face, starting from the nose and moving rightward. Note that the right side of the face is slightly more in shadow than the left side.

I have started to add some freckles here; use an HB pencil for this and go lightly. When sketching the freckles, be aware of the contours of the face. As an example, look at this image:

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

Notice that on the side of the girl's nose that the freckles appear to be thinner and clustered closer together. This is because we are not looking at the freckles head on. As the freckles make their way around the nose, they appear more clustered. It is very important to render the freckles in this way, to do otherwise will make the drawing look less life-like. The bridge of the girl's nose, in life, juts out more than the sides of her nose, as do the cheeks and forehead. So, observing the contours in this way is very helpful in achieving a realistic effect.

Darken in the area of the jaw line in the lower right corner using a 6B pencil. Add additional definition to the lips and area around the mouth. Remember: the right side of the face is slightly more in shadow than the left.

STEP 9

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

Here we have added more detail, finishing the freckles and defining the tones more sharply. I have added deeper shadowing over the whole face with the 2B pencil, and with the 4B pencil added darker tones to the hair.

In the next step, we will finish up with the final details.

STEP 10

How to Draw a face; How to Draw a Portrait

In the final step, we take an rubber eraser, I have one made by Derwent, although there are many manufacturers. It is different from a regular eraser, such as one for classroom. Even better is a click eraser, Pentel makes one and you can find it at any supermarket.

Alternatively, you can use a battery-powered eraser.

Take the rubber eraser and move to the hair area and erase and highlight the areas shown above. Don't worry if what you have erased out appears too white; just take the HB pencil and lightly go over the area to darken it.

Again, don't worry about getting every strand exactly as it appears in the reference photo. Getting the general idea will suffice.

After this, we are done!


Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Tutorial: How To Draw a Human Mouth

How to draw a mouth, how to draw lips, how to shade teeth


In the next tutorial, we will draw a female mouth from the frontal perspective. This viewpoint is the simplest to draw.

We will be using the range of pencils: HB, 2B, 4B and 6B for this exercise.

Remember to sketch lightly (use gentle pressure with the pencil) when laying out the preliminary sketch. You can use a 2B pencil for the first step, as it dark enough to make lines, but not hard enough to indent the paper, which creates a problem when you add shading and final details later.


STEP 1 

How to draw a mouth, how to draw lips, how to shade teeth

In this step, sketch the basic outline using a 2B pencil. The area should be around three inches from the left  to right sides of the mouth, and two inches from the top to bottom. Use a ruler to get the proper measurements, but this size is suggested only. You can draw the mouth bigger than this, but try to keep at or above these measurements, because in later steps we will need a sufficient area to work in to add details and final shading.

On thing to remember: if you are just starting out and learning to draw, don't worry about getting this outline exactly right, and don't worry if you leave out a few teeth. Just try to do the best you can.  Optionally, you can print the Step 1 image and trace it to the surface to be drawn.

STEP 2

How to draw a mouth, how to draw lips, how to shade teeth

Continuing with the 2B pencil, shade in the gums lightly as shown above. Between the upper and lower rows of teeth (the area between showing the inside mouth and tongue) take the 4B pencil and add a preliminary shading as shown. Don't make the whole area dark, as there are some highlights here that will be accentuated in a later step.

With the 2B pencil sketch in the highlights on the lips, then add an even layer of shading to over the whole lips. Go lightly; we just want the general tone of the lips, later we will add the finer details. 

STEP 3

How to draw a mouth, how to draw lips, how to shade teeth

Take the HB pencil, or if you prefer, a 2H pencil, as this next step is very delicate and it is necessary to apply very light graphite. We will be adding tones to the teeth.

It is assumed that teeth are white, but in reality, they are never completely white. When inside the mouth, depending on the angle and lighting, they may appear darker or lighter in tone as the case may be.

This step will really make the drawing life-like; it is tedious, but worth the effort. Using the HB (or 2H, as it is necessary to use a harder lead as we need to apply the graphite very lightly) add and even shade to all the teeth, top and bottom rows. Go very light.

When you have finished, take a tortillion (or toilet paper and twist it into a point), and gently blend each tooth one-by-one. This step may be the most difficult of this tutorial. You don't want to make the teeth too dark, but yet, you want to add the proper tone to them. If the teeth are too dark, it may indicate that your subject needs a trip to the dentist! If it happens that you add too much graphite, all is not lost. Take a kneaded eraser and light and gently remove the excess graphite. Like stated before, it requires a lot of patience!

In the image above, you can see that I have done the right side upper teeth, and the lower teeth, but the left side of the upper row of teeth have only been penciled with the HB; no blending with a tortillion yet. this is to show you both aspects (adding graphite, then blending) of this exercise.

Take care to avoid putting your hand or fingers into what you have already sketched. To obviate this, put a separate piece of scrap paper down over the drawing where you hand might go.

STEP 4

How to draw a mouth, how to draw lips, how to shade teeth

As shown above, I have finished the teeth began in the last step and have moved on to the lips and other areas. We begin to fill out the fine details in Step 4.

As you study the image above, take note of the highlighted areas; the shiny parts of the lips, as well as where the lip meets the area below the nose--along the 'bow' of the top lip, there is a highlight that follows the line of the lip. These areas receive little or no graphite as this is where the light hits directly on the subject. These highlights are important to the overall drawing, as they add realism.

Take the 4B pencil and add the darkest tones of the lips. Optionally, you can also work on the areas above the lips, and the cheeks and nose. The darkest areas are reserved for the 4B pencil; then, as the tones become lighter, use the 2B. As no part of this drawing is white, with the exception of the highlights on the lips and teeth, all areas at this point should have a layer of pencil. The highlights are the only  areas which are the plain paper with no graphite applied. For the lightest areas of the skin above the lips and nose, add a thin even layer with the HB pencil.

STEP 5

How to draw a mouth, how to draw lips, how to shade teeth

Using a finger, lightly blend the shading on the lips, Pay close attention to the highlights; if you accidentally smudge some graphite into them, no worries, just take the kneaded eraser and carefully remove the smudge.

Still using your finger, continue to blend the drawing, moving on to the nose and areas below the nose, and cheeks. You only need to rub lightly, the graphite blends well.

Using the final drawing above as a guide, check to see if all is well; that is, if any areas of the lips, for instance, need more shading. If so, then apply as necessary.

Taking the HB pencil, sketch slight lines over the lips (not too darkly) in an up-and-down circular motion which follows the arc of the lips. This gives the lips a life-like appearance.

Finally, accentuate the highlights with the kneaded eraser.

The drawing is completed!